Mykenae

Was the fortified royal residence of King Agame-mnon leader of the Trojian War. The mighty citadel is surrounded by huge Cyclopean walls. Acco-rding to archeological evidence it seems to have been inhabited since 3000 B.C.

Entrance to its Acropolis is through the famous Lions Gate which symbolize the power of the kings of Mycenae "a city rich in gold" according to Homer.

 

Beyond the Lion's Gate is the stairway leading to the Palace complex, grave circle a with six royal tombs, courtier’s houses, sanctuaries, and other important buildings.

Outside the walls are the beehive tombs, the largest of which is the so-called " Treasury of Athens ", ruins of private houses and grave circle B with 14 royal tombs and 12 tombs of private citizens. Most of the more exceptional findings fromMycenae are an exhibit in the National Archeological Museum of Athens.

These include frescoes, gold and ivory finds and the gold mask said to have belonged to Agamemnon, among other priceless pieces.